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Tupolev Tu-95

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Tupolev Tu-95
750px-Tu-142MR-1990-1-
Description
Role Strategic bomber, naval patrol, missile carrier, airborne surveillance
Crew Varies depending on role
Passengers
First flight November 12, 1952
Entered service 1956
Manufacturer Tupolev
Produced 500+
Dimensions
Length
Wingspan
Height
Wing area
Weights
Empty
Loaded
Maximum takeoff
Powerplant
Engine 2 ×
Power (each)
Performance
Maximum speed
Cruising speed
Range
Ceiling
Rate of climb

The Tupolev Tu-95 'Bear' is a long range bomber/reconnaissance aircraft developed by the former Soviet Union.

HistoryEdit

The Tu-95 has it's roots in the design of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, of which three examples were studied by the USSR after making forced landings in Siberia during 1944. The Soviet copy of the B-29, designated Tu-4, was developed as the enlarged Tu-80, and then as the Tu-85. However, by the time the Tu-85 was flying in January 1950, the potential of turbo-prop engines had already been recognised, leading to the cancellation of the Tu-85, clearing the way for an entirely new design.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. World Aircraft Information Files Aviation Partwork. Midsummer Books Ltd. File 276 Sheet 1 (World Military Aircraft:tupolev Yu-95/Tu-142 'Bear' - Introduction

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