The Mikoyan MiG-27, NATO reporting name "Flogger", is an attack variant of the MiG-23. It did not recieve widespread use outside of Russia.
At the end of the 1960s, the Soviet Union started development of a fighter aircraft, able to strike at ground targets and to perform massive hits against enemy targets. Other criteria was to be as invulnerable as possible against jammer systems and to be able to fight against other aircraft. So that in the year 1969, the MiG-23 was redesigned. On 20th August 1970, the fighter-bomber variant of the MiG-23B had its first flight, the pilot was Pjotr M. Ostapenko; on 17th November 1972 the first prototype, at first called MiG-23BM, of the MiG-27 had its first flight, it was flown by Waleri E. Menizki. The differences between the MiG-23 and the MiG-27 are the fixed inlets, the 30 mm machine gun, a parachute for landing and the payload that is four tons higher than on the precursor. Production began in the year 1973 in Irkutsk and in 1975 it entered service.
The last aircraft was built in 1986 in Irkutsk, the main factory of the MiG-27. Today the remaining MiG-27 of the Russian Air Force are decommissioned from service. At the time of the Soviet Union, some of the less advanced MiG-27 were exported into other countries. India was producing a under license built MiG-27 derivative called Bahadur (MiG-27M), 165 of them were built. Probably, China tried to copy the MiG-27, but the project, called Q-6, never entered operational status