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Hawker Tempest

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Hawker Tempest
The Hawker Tempest was Britain's most successful fighter next to the Supermarine Spitfire during WWII. The Tempest scored 20 kills against the Me 262 jet fighter and the V-1 flying bombs. There were two different versions of the Tempest. The first version (Tempest V) was powered by a Napier Sabre 24-cylinder flat-H engine; while the second version (Tempest II) was powered by a Bristol Centaurus V radial.

HistoryEdit

9 11 (1)

Tempest Mk.II Unit: 16 Sqn, RAF Serial: EG-X (PR733) Pilot - Flight Lieutenant R.E.Mooney. Circa 1947.

DevelopmentEdit

A development of the Hawker Typhoon with a thinner semi elliptic wing, two prototypes of the Hawker Tempest was initially ordered under Specification F.10/41 in November 1941 as the Typhoon II, before the numerous changes resulted in the name being changed to Tempest.[1] Designated Tempest Mk I, these featured a longer forward fuselage to hold more fuel, to compensate for the reduction in fuel tankage resulting from the thinner wing, and a 2,340 hp Sabre IV engine with wing leading edge radiators. These were followed by an additional four prototypes, which were ordered to permit the testing of alternative engines.[2] The Tempest was later followed by the Hawker Fury. [3]

RAF ServiceEdit

Service with other nationsEdit

Following Indian independence, the Indian Air force received 89 former RAF Tempest II aircraft. [2]

Pakistan received 24 Tempest IIs.[2]

Comparable AircraftEdit

VideosEdit

Hawker Tempest II03:26

Hawker Tempest II

A surviving Tempest II inside a museum. No Tempests are in flying condition.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Gunston, Bill. The Illustrated Directory of Fighting Aircraft of World War II. Salamander Books. 1988. ISBN 0 86101 390 5
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Salamander Books. 2001. ISBN 0 84065 269 1 Page 288
  3. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. Page 289

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