Antonov An-74 3

An Antonov An-72

The Antonov An-72 (NATO reporting name Coaler) is a transport aircraft developed in the former Soviet Union. It was designed as a STOL transport and intended as a replacement for the Antonov An-26, but variants have found success as commercial freighters.

Design and developmentEdit

The An-72 first flew on 22 December 1977. Produced in tandem with the An-72, the Antonov An-74 variant adds the ability to operate in harsh weather conditions in polar regions. Other An-72 versions include
1 3 (2)
the An-72S VIP transport and An-72P maritime patrol aircraft.

An unusual design feature of the An-72 and An-74 is the use of the Coandă effect to improve STOL performance, utilizing engine exhaust gases blown over the wing's upper surface to boost lift. The first flight was made in August 31, 1977, but it was only in the 1980s that production started. The power plant used is ZMKB Progress D36. The An-72 bears a resemblance to an earlier aircraft, the Boeing YC-14, which also used overwing engines and the Coandă effect.

The An-72 is often called cheburashka by Russians because with its large intake ducts located close to the fuselage, it resembles a popular animated creature in Russian cartoons.

Price for a new built An-74 in 2006 is quoted as being $17-20 million.Template:Fact


An-72 - Pre production aircraft. Two flying prototypes, one static test airframe and 8 pre-production machines.

An-72A - Main production version with increased fuselage length and wing span.

An-72AT - Specialist cargo-carrying version equipped to accommodate standard containers.

An-72S - Executive version with three cabins separated by bulkheads. Rear contains 24 armchairs.

An-74 - Arctic support version. Increased fuel capacity. Can be fitted with skis. Identified by observation blisters on fuselage sides and enlarged radome.

An-74MP - Marine Patrol version. Can transport 44 soldiers, 22 para-troops, 16 stretchers with medical staff, or 10 tonnes of cargo.


Civil operatorsEdit

In August 2006 a total of 51 Antonov An-72 and Antonov An-74 aircraft remain in airline service. Major operators include Badr Airlines (3), Air Armenia (3), Enimex (5), Gazpromavia (12), and Shar Ink (8). Some 17 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the type.[1]


Military OperatorsEdit


Specifications (An-72P)Edit

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C-123 Provider

Transport Aircraft

The Fairchild C-123 Provider is a twin-engined military transport aircraft produced by the US American manufacturer Fairchild Aircraft, developed by Chase Aircraft.

Crew 4

Propulsion 2 Radial Engines Engine Model Pratt & Whitney R-2800-99W Double Wasp Engine Power (each) 1715 kW 2300 hp

Speed 367 km/h 198 kts

 228 mph 

Service Ceiling 8.839 m 29.000 ft Range 2.367 km 1.278 NM 1.471 mi.

Empty Weight 13.562 kg 30.000 lbs max. Takeoff Weight 27.216 kg 60.000 lbs

Wing Span 33,53 m 110,0 ft Wing Area 113,6 m² 1223 ft² Length 23,09 m 75,8 ft Height 10,39 m 34,1 ft

gatherd from

See alsoEdit



  1. Flight International, 3-9 October 2006

External linksEdit


Template:Antonov aircraft Template:Aviation lists

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