The AMX International AMX is a ground-attack aircraft for field of battle interdiction, close air support and reconnaissance missions. It was engineered up until 1999 by AMX International, an Italian-Brazilian joint venture, and is designated the A-1 by the Brazilian Air Force.
During 1977 the Italian air force issued a requirement for a light attack warplane to replace its Aeritalia G91R/G91Y and F-104G aircraft, leading to Aermacchi and Aeritalia (later Alenia) pooling their resources the following year, to design and produce the aircraft. The Brazilian air force recognized a similar requirement for an EMBRAER AT-26 Xavante replacement, joining the programme in 1980, with a joint procurement of 272 aircraft being agreed in 1981.[N 1]
The type that resulted from the program is now called the EMBRAER AMX, and first flew in prototype form on May 15th 1984. A Brazilian prototype made it's initial flight in October 1985, with the first ptoduction example following on 11th May 1988.
The end of the Cold War led to defence cuts, which resulted in production of AMXs for the AMI ending prematurely, with Aermacchi building 36 single seaters and 9 AMX-T two seaters, with Alenia building 74 single seaters and 17 two seaters.
One of the six Italian squadrons equipped with the AMX was subsequently disbanded, with 34 early examples, consisting of 19 from Block 1 and 15 from Block 2, placed in reserve. The remaining aircraft were either newly built or upgraded to Block 3 configuration, with the aircraft of 3 Stormo using Oude Delft Orpheus pods for reconnaissance work.