The Shrike was developed in the year 1961 by the Naval Weapons Center in China Lake, it was based on the basic design of the AIM-7 Sparrow air-to-air missile and entered production in the year 1963. Many variants were made of the AGM-45, which differ mainly in the radar frequency, which they are designed to attack.
In the early 1970s, the Shrike was developed into the AGM-45B Shrike. This missile had a new engine, which gave it a range of up to 40 km, with a 67 kg Warhead.
It was used by the United States in the Vietnam War and by Israel during the Yom-Kippur War, however it didn't prove success. During the Falklands War, Shrike missiles were offered to Great Britain and were used during Operation Black Buck, but weren't very successful.
Until production end in the year 1982, over 18,500 units were built. In the United States they were replaced by their successor, the AGM-88 HARM, its retirement was completed in the year 1992.